What exactly happens during unprotected sex isn’t a guessing game. You’re risking unplanned pregnancy, and the possibility of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease. Apart from these, there’s emotional stress, anxiety and restlessness.
Are you willing to risk those for sex? What can you do to protect yourself from getting pregnant? For women, taking contraceptive pills is the most common method. Birth control pills contains hormones that prevent ovulation. Part of a women’s monthly menstrual cycle is when the egg leaves the ovaries. By taking the pill, it works two ways. First, by making the mucous in your cervix thicker, to a degree that sperm cannot pass through it. Second, it changes the properties of the uterus lining, making it less conducive for fertilization. How effective are contraceptive pills? If directions are followed and they are taken correctly, studies show this type of contraception is 99% effective. There are different kinds of birth control pills available today. What type you take will, depends on your preferences and how the medicine fits your individual needs and your body’s hormones. These types include progestin-only, combination pill and extended cycle pills.
Other types of contraceptive methods for women involve hormone shots, the use of a patch or a vaginal ring to control ovulation. There are also the internal barrier types like IUD or a cervical cap that prevent sperm passage. It’s best to speak to your gynecologist to decide which option is best for you.
When Condoms Fail
Wearing condoms for men are the most common and affordable birth control method. It’s also your first-hand protection against STD. However, using one during sex doesn’t mean you’re a hundred percent protected. Condom are most often made of latex, polyurethane and lambskin. These materials can break, leak, or the whole thing can slip off during sex if not placed properly. And this counts as unprotected sex as well.
If you’re worried because you just unprotected sex, there are still options that you can take as emergency contraception.
Morning-after pill – This should be taken as soon as possible, and can still be effective if you take it within 5 days after intercourse. Some brands just have one pill, the other two, one that is taken within 72 hours after sex, and the other one after 12hrs.
IUD or intrauterine device – This is a copper-T coil that’s inserted in the uterus. The copper component can kill sperm, thus preventing fertilization. Same as the emergency pill, IUD should be inserted within 5 days of unprotected sex to be effective.
Some morning-after pills can be bought over-the-counter without any need of prescription. If you’re still in-doubt and would like to use other methods, you can visit your gynecologist, a contraceptive or sexual health clinic.
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